Osobowość typu D i choroba sercowo-naczyniowa: przegląd literatury...

Osobowość typu D i choroba sercowo-naczyniowa: przegląd literatury

Personality D type and cardiovascular disease: a literature review

EUGENIA MINASIDOU, THEODORA KAFKIA, ALICE DIMITRIADOU, THOMAI KALLIA, MICHAEL KOURAKOS

ISSN 2451-1846

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21784/IwP.2017.012


Streszczenie:
Na przestrzeni lat naukowcy skupili się na określeniu specyficznych cech osobowości związanych z konkretnymi objawami choroby. Zdrowie psychiczne i stan psychiczny oraz cechy osobowościowe zostały zbadane i zidentyfikowane jako niektóre z czynników prognostycznych choroby sercowo-naczyniowej, jak i fizyczne, takie jak nadciśnienie tętnicze, hiperlipidemia i cukrzyca. W tym artykule skupiono się na charakterystyce osobowości typu D oraz sposobie jego wpływu na początek choroby sercowo-naczyniowej, rokowania i jakość życia pacjentów. Osoby o różnych cechach osobowości różnią się w zależności od choroby. Dokładniej mówiąc, u pacjentów z osobowością typu D stwierdzono, że mają słabe zdrowie ogólne i cierpią z powodu różnych stanów zagrażających życiu. Typowa osobowość typu D i psychiczne cierpienia są ogólnie sugerowane jako przyczyny złego rokowania u chorych na choroby sercowo-naczyniowe, ponieważ pacjenci są mniej przyzwyczajeni do terapii i mają wiele niezdrowych nawyków związanych ze stylem życia, takich jak palenie tytoniu i niskie poziomy aktywności. Wydaje się, że należy zwrócić uwagę na cechy psychiczne i typy osobowości, jako czynniki ryzyka lub czynniki chroniące chorobę układu sercowo-naczyniowego.

Abstract:
Over the years, researchers have focused on identifying specific personality traits associated with specific disease manifestations. Mental health and psychological status, as well as personality characteristics, have been studied and identified as some of the prognostic factors of cardiovascular disease, along with physical ones, such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia and diabetes mellitus. This article focuses on Type D personality characteristics and the way it may affect the onset of cardiovascular disease, the prognosis and quality of life of patients. People with different personality characteristics adjust differently to disease. More specifically, people with type D personality have been found to have poor general health and suffer for a variety of health-threatening situations. Type D personality and psychological distress, in general, have been suggested as causes for poor prognosis for patients with cardiovascular disease, as these patients are less adherent to their therapy and have a number of unhealthy lifestyle habits, such as smoking and low activity levels. It seems necessary that attention should be paid to psychological characteristics and personality types, as risk or protective factors for cardiovascular disease.


Słowa kluczowe:
rodzaje osobowości, osobowość D, choroby sercowo-naczyniowe

Keywords:
personality types, personality D, cardiovascular disease


Pełny tekst:
PDF:112-121


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