Cognitive and language-based sidabilites of children diagnosed with cancer (Poznawcze i językowe zaburzenia u dzieci z rozpoznaniem raka)

  • Kategoria: Uncategorised
  • Odsłony: 1143

Cognitive and language-based disabilities of children diagnosed with cancer


University of Seville, Spain


University of Huelva, Spain


Universitat Jaume I de Castellón, Spain


University of Huelva, Spain

ISSN: 1896-4087


The survival rate of children suffering from cancer has increased, but collateral effects have been observed. A mixed-method was used to evaluate cancer children’s language and cognitive abilities. Variables such as IQ and verbal comprehension, perceptual reasoning, working memory and processing speed were tested. Further-more, a semiguided 30-minute-long conversation on everyday matters was used for linguistic evaluation. Results confirm that language problems were present at phonological, lexical-semantic, structural or syntactic, pragmatic and non-verbal levels.

Wskaźnik przeżywalności dzieci cierpiących na raka wzrósł, ale zaobserwowano efekty dodatkowe. Metoda mieszana została wykorzystana do oceny języka i zdol¬no-ści poznawczych dzieci chorych na raka. Przetestowano zmienne, takie jak IQ i rozumienie werbalne, rozumowanie percepcyjne, pamięć roboczą i szybkość przetwarzania. Ponadto do oceny językowej użyto 30-minutowej, częściowo sterowanej rozmowy na temat spraw codziennych. Wyniki potwierdzają, że problemy językowe były obecne na poziomach fonologicznych, leksykalno-semantycznych, strukturalnych lub syntaktycznych, pragmatycznych i niewerbalnych.

Słowa kluczowe:
rak dziecięcy, zaburzenia językowe, ocena poznawcza, analiza dyskursu, zdolności komunikacyjne, użycie języka

childhood cancer, language disabilities, cognitive evaluation, discourse analysis, communication abilities, language use

Pełny tekst:
PDF 12-37

Bells S., Lefebvre J., Prescott S. A., Dockstader C., Bouffet E., Skocic J., Laughlin S., Mabbott D. J., Changes in white matter microstructure impact cognition by disrupting the ability of neural assemblies to synchronize, „Journal of Neuroscience” 2017, no. 37 (34).
Bressmann T., Speech Disorders Related to Head and Neck Cancer Laryn-gectomy, Glossectomy, and Velopharyngeal and Maxillofacial Deficits, [in:] J. S. Damico, N. Müller, M. J. Ball (Eds.), The Handbook of Language and Speech Disorders, Blackwell, Oxford 2010.
Brown P., Levinson S. C., Politeness: Some universals in language usage (Studies in interactional sociolinguistics, 4). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1987.
De Ruiter M. A., Van Mourik R., Schouten-Van Meeteren A. Y., Grootenhuis M. A., Oosterlaan J., Neurocognitive consequences of a paediatric brain tumour and its treatment: a metaanalysis. „Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology” 2013, no. 55 (5).
Docking K., Munro N., Marshall T., Togher L., Narrative skills of children treated for brain tumours: The impact of tumour and treatment related variables on microstructure and macrostructure, „Brain Injury” 2016, no. 30 (8).
Docking K., Murdoch B., Suppiah R., The impact of a cerebellar tumour on language function in childhood, „Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica” 2007, no. 59 (4).
Ekman P., Friesen W. V., The repertoire of nonverbal behavior: Categories, origins, usage, and coding, [in:] A. Kendon (Ed.), Nonverbal communication, interaction, and gesture, Mouton Publishers, Den Haag 1981.
Miranda-Filho A., Piñeros M., Soerjomataram I., Deltour I., Bray F., Cancers of the brain and CNS: global patterns and trends in incidence, „Neuro-Oncology” 2017, no. 19 (2).
Grice H. P., Logic and conversation, [in:] P. Cole, J. Morgan (Eds.), Syntax and Semantics: Vol 3, speech acts, Academic Press, New York 1975.
Gunn M. E., Mört S., Arola M., Taskinen M., Riikonen P., Möttönen M., Lähteen-mäki P. M., Quality of life and late‐effects among childhood brain tumor survivors: a mixed method analysis, „Psycho‐Oncology” 2016, no. 25 (6).
Hardy K. K., Willard V. W., Allen T. M., Bonner M. J., Working memory training in survivors of pediatric cancer: a randomized pilot study, „Psycho‐Oncology” 2013, no. 22 (8).
Hsiao T. Y., Oxford R. L., Comparing theories of language learning strategies: A confirmatory factor analysis, „The Modern Language Journal” 2002, no. 86 (3).
Novakovic B., Fears T. R., Wexler L. H., McClure L. L., Wilson D. L., McCalla J. L., Tucker M. A., Experiences of cancer in children and adolescents, „Cancer nursing” 1996, no. 19 (1).
Ott J. S., Webb T. E., Anderson C. A., Kastelic J. E., Krill Jr C. E., Childhood cancer and vulnerability for significant academic underachievement, „Journal of learning disabilities” 1982, no. 15 (6).
Ris M. D., Grosch M., Fletcher J. M., Metah P., Kahalley L. S., Measurement of neurodevelopmental changes in children treated with radiation for brain tumors: what is a true ‘baseline?’, „The Clinical Neuropsychologist” 2017, no. 31 (2).
Satariano S., The 'late effects' of paediatric brain tumours and the implications for education settings, „Educational & Child Psychology” 2016, no. 33 (1).
Scantlebury N., Bouffet E., Laughlin S., Strother D., McConnell D., Hukin J., Fryer C., Laperriere N., Montour-Proulx I., KeeneD., Fleming A., Jabado N., Liu F., Riggs L., Law N., Mabbott D. J., White matter and information processing speed following treatment with cranial-spinal radiation for pediatric brain tumor, „Neuropsychology” 2016, no. 30 (4).
Schwartz R. G. (Ed.)., Handbook of child language disorders. Routledge, New York 2017.
Smith K. M., King T. Z., Jayakar R., Morris R. D., Reading skill in adult survivors of childhood brain tumor: A theory-based neurocognitive model, „Neuropsychology” 2014, no. 28 (3).
Thompson G., Supporting Communication Disorders: A Handbook for Teachers and Teaching Assistants. David Fulton Publishers, London 2013.
Willard V. W., Cox L. E., Russell K. M., Kenney A., Jurbergs N., Molnar Jr A. E., Harman J. L., Cognitive and Psychosocial Functioning of Preschool-Aged Children with Cancer, „Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics” 2017, no. 38 (8).
Zhang X., Samuel A., Is speech recognition automatic? Lexical competition, but not initial lexical access, requires cognitive resources, „Journal of Memory and Language” 2018, no. 100.
Zou P., Conklin H. M., Scoggins M. A., Li Y., Li X., Jones M. M., Palmer S. L., Gajjar A., Ogg R. J., Functional MRI in medulloblastoma survivors supports prophylactic reading intervention during tumor treatment, „Brain imaging and behavior” 2016, no. 10 (1).