Cognitive and language-based sidabilites of children diagnosed with cancer (Poznawcze i językowe zaburzenia u dzieci z rozpoznaniem raka)

Cognitive and language-based disabilities of children diagnosed with cancer

GLORIA ALVAREZ-BENITO

University of Seville, Spain

ANALI FERNANDEZ-CORBACHO

University of Huelva, Spain

FRANCISCO HERRERO MACHANCOSES

Universitat Jaume I de Castellón, Spain

MARIA DEL CARMEN FONSECA-MORA

University of Huelva, Spain

ISSN: 1896-4087

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21784/ZC.2019.009


Abstract:
The survival rate of children suffering from cancer has increased, but collateral effects have been observed. A mixed-method was used to evaluate cancer children’s language and cognitive abilities. Variables such as IQ and verbal comprehension, perceptual reasoning, working memory and processing speed were tested. Further-more, a semiguided 30-minute-long conversation on everyday matters was used for linguistic evaluation. Results confirm that language problems were present at phonological, lexical-semantic, structural or syntactic, pragmatic and non-verbal levels.

Streszczenie:
Wskaźnik przeżywalności dzieci cierpiących na raka wzrósł, ale zaobserwowano efekty dodatkowe. Metoda mieszana została wykorzystana do oceny języka i zdol¬no-ści poznawczych dzieci chorych na raka. Przetestowano zmienne, takie jak IQ i rozumienie werbalne, rozumowanie percepcyjne, pamięć roboczą i szybkość przetwarzania. Ponadto do oceny językowej użyto 30-minutowej, częściowo sterowanej rozmowy na temat spraw codziennych. Wyniki potwierdzają, że problemy językowe były obecne na poziomach fonologicznych, leksykalno-semantycznych, strukturalnych lub syntaktycznych, pragmatycznych i niewerbalnych.

Słowa kluczowe:
rak dziecięcy, zaburzenia językowe, ocena poznawcza, analiza dyskursu, zdolności komunikacyjne, użycie języka

Keywords:
childhood cancer, language disabilities, cognitive evaluation, discourse analysis, communication abilities, language use


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